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Nap (Textile) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

Primarily, nap is the raised (fuzzy) surface on certain kinds of cloth, such as velvet. Nap can refer additionally to other surfaces that look like the surface of a napped cloth, such as the surface of a felt or beaver hat.

Starting around the 14th century, the word referred originally to the roughness of woven cloth before it was sheared.[1][2] When cloth, especially woolen cloth, is woven, the surface of the cloth is not smooth, and this roughness is the nap. Generally the cloth is then 'sheared' to create an even surface, and the nap is thus removed.

Sew Luxury Fabrics: Pillows
What is nap? Nap is a type of fabric that has texture to it and some kind of pile. Fabrics consider to be with nap would be velvet, velour, corduroy, and sue...

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Comment by Carolyn on January 16, 2015 at 8:42am

There is the nap, but also pile.  The grain line not only must not be turned 90 degrees, as in the example with the corduroy, but not turned 180 degrees as with velvet and other pile fabrics.

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